Palawan Council for
Sustainable Development

DBP Forest Program

Isugod Mangrove Reforestation Project


The Palawan Council for Sustainable Development (PCSD) is the partner of the Development Bank of the Philippines in the implementation of the DBP-Forest Program particularly the Mangrove Reforestation Project in Barangay Isugod, Quezon Palawan. The Program aims to develop downstream industries in the rural areas by supporting and encouraging the forestation of open areas in non privately-owned lands through planting in partner-ship with target partners and beneficiaries.

The reforestation project on the other hand is directed to develop the mangrove resources of Barangay Isugod for economic and ecological benefits on a sustainable basis. Specifically it intends to reforest the 20-hectare area to restore the natural system for sustainable resource utilization, protect the coastal areas against ecological and natural disaster, enhance community awareness on the economic, ecological and social importance of mangroveforest and increase people's participation in managing the mangrove resources.

The Mangrove Reforestation Project is one of the two DBP-Forest Projects in Palawan. The other DBP-Forest Project is in partnership with the Palawan State University in Barangay Culasian, Rizal Palawan. The mangrove reforestation was to be implemented over a period of one yearthrough the Barangay Isugod Fishermen's Association and in cooperation with the Municipal LGU, Barangay-LGU and DENR. The project cost is P1.7 Million and P900,000.00 will be financed through grant by the DBP and the rest will be in-kind counterpart from partner-communities.

Project Launching

MOA Signing between DBP with PCSD and DBP with PSU

Turn-over of seedlings to the People's Organization

Ceremonial Tree Planting at the PSU grounds

The DBP-Forest in Palawan was launched on November 11, 2005 at the Palawan State University with the signing ofthe Memorandum of Agreement between the DBP Chief Executive Officer Dr Reynaldo David and Cong. Abraham Kahlil Mitra for the Bgy Isugod Mangrove Reforestation Project and between Dr. David and the PSU President, represented by Dr. Erlinda A. Ganapin. In addition, the turn-over of mangrove seedlings to Bgy Isugod Fishermen’s Association and the ceremonial planting of fruit and forest trees by the Palawan State University faculty and staff were done to formalize the launching of the program.

Preparatory Activities/Pre-Implementation Requirements


Prior to project implementation, baseline data and other information were collected to establish the indicators as basis inthe monitoring and evaluation.


Data gathering for the Project

Three trainings and planning were conducted: Orientation and Training on Nursery Establishment and Management, Mangrove Plantation Care and Maintenance and Planning.
The orientation and training on nursery establishment and management for mangrove reforestation, were conducted from January 25 – 28 in Barangay Isugod, Quezon Palawan. The training provided the participants with a) the importance andother basic information on the resource, b) the status and condition of mangrove in Barangay Isugod and the c) technology/techniques in nursery establishment and management.

PENRO Resource Person

The training on mangrove plantation, care and maintenance was conducted to develop and manage the mangrove plantations for protection and to provide information on how to manage the remaining natural forest stands and maximize the economic and ecological benefit of the coastal ecosystem.Planning was also undertaken to finalize the details of the proposal including schedules of all the project activities.


Survey of the entire plantation site and dividing it into 4 parts at 5 hectare per parcel

During the implementation phase, survey of the area was undertaken to determine the exact boundary of the planting area.It was divided into four parts to establish the periphery of each group’s working area which is five (5) hectares.

The Bamboo Poles for Posting
ready for installation

Installed Bamboo posts to mark the 20 hectare plantation

300 pieces of bamboos were collected and installed that served as markers to prevent poachers and entry of fishing bancas during high tide that might destroy and hamper the growth of mangroves


The propagules collected by members of Barangay Isugod Fishermen's Association

Briefing made by the Project
Staff before planting commenced

The planting of 100,000 pieces mangrove propagules started in February, 2006. It was spearheaded by the PCSDS Executive Director, the Vice Mayor of Quezon, four Municipal Councilors, the MENRO and staff, PCSD Staff and People's Organization members.

MENRO Esperanza Caabay and Staff

The PCSDS Executive Director, Municipal and Baranggay Officials together with the People's Organizations

The ten (10) hectare area directly planted with 100,000 propagules is shown in the photos below:


After ten hectares or 50% of the area has been planted with propagules, nursery establishment started with theconstruction of temporary nursery sheds in three (3) selected areas of So. Pasil, Simunong and So. Maran-Ay.

The temporary shed in Pasil

The temporary nursery shed in Sitio Simunong

Procurement and delivery of polythelene bags were done for the continuous bagging/potting activities.

Initial delivery of potting bags

The beneficiaries doing soil bagging

In April 2006, collection and planting of wildings and propagules commenced. The mangrove species that were collected include Bakawan babae, lalaki and Bakawang Bato. These are the species best suited to the condition of the planting area being muddy, sandy and rocky.

Newly Potted Propagules

There was continuous care and maintenance of seedlings in the nursery for five (5) months which include shading,watering, hardening, weeding, protection from pests and replacement of dead seedlings, etc.

Photos above are potted Mangrove seedlings at Simunong Nursery Shed

Above photos are the potted seedlings at Pasil Nursery

Ready-to-plant mangrove seedlings at Pasil nursery


Ready-to-plant mangrove seedlings at Simunong Nursery shed

Ready-to-plant mangrove seedlings grown at Maran-ay Nursery shed


Seedlings at the Nursery affected by stem borers

Newly potted propagules to replace the seedlings affected by stem borers

On the 2nd week of May, stem borers were noticed/detected blemishing the mangrove seedlings. The People's Organization requested the project staff for the purchase of insecticide Malathion. This was sprayed on the affected seedlings that prevented the spread of stem borer infestation.


People's Organization members preparing the concrete foundation for installation of the signages

Signboard installed at the
project site

Signboard installed at junction Balintang-Aramaywan roads in barangay Isugod

Six (6) Signages (3 big and 3 small) were produced and installed in strategic places. The PCSDS was in-charge in the production of the signages, while the partner beneficiaries/People's Organization provided the counterpart labor in setting-up the signages. The said signages were put in the designated places as agreed by both parties for the information of the general public.


After five (5) months of nursery operation, the potted seedlings were ready for planting. That was manifested by the number of plant leaves that ranges from 5 up.The 10 hectares newly planted potted seedlings are shown in the photos below.

The brown color on the leaves are caused by the accumulated dirt


The activities undertaken by partners in the care and maintenance of the plantation involved regular visits, removal of debris and barnacles, repairing/arranging the fences and replacing the dead plants. As of September, 2006 the total number of seedlings replaced was 3,820 or 1.91%.

The mangrove plantation

Cleaning of leaves to remove trapped dirt

Poachers were likewise prevented and educated through Municipal Ordinance No. 2006-061 issued by the Sangguniang Bayan of Quezon which prohibits a person or group of persons to destroy/damage the mangrove reforestation project at Barangay Isugod, Quezon, Palawan and provides penalties thereof.

People's Organization replacing the dead plants

People Organization member conducting monitoring of the plantation


Progress monitoring is continuously being undertaken by the staff together with the partner/beneficiaries.Representatives from the Development Bank of the Philippines also conducted monitoring and inspection ofthe project progress in the area.

Continuous patrolling in the plantation area is also one of the monitoring activities regularly done by the People's Organization.

The project staff conducting monitoring at the plantation

DBP Staff during Project Monitoring

Staff from PENRO conducting an inspection

Click this link to view the Project Accomplishment Report as of September 2006

See earlier Isugod Mangrove Reforestation Report