Republic of the Philippines
PALAWAN COUNCIL FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
Puerto Princesa City, Palawan
PCSD Memorandum Circular
Series of 1993
26 November 1993
Subject : Guidelines in the Identification, Establishment and Management of Communal Forest in Palawan
In line with the implementation of the Local Government Code (R.A. 7160 Section 17), each Municipal Government is mandated to establish, operate, manage and control communal forest, with an area not exceeding fifty (50) square kilometers;
Pursuant to the policy of R.A. 7611, otherwise known as Strategic Environmental Plan for Palawan, it shall support and promote sustainable development goals for the province through proper conservation, utilization and development of natural resources to provide optimum yields on continuing basis;
Consistent with the DENR DAO 24 s. 1991 on shifting the cutting /logging operations from the old growth forest to residual forest:
Section 1. This Circular shall be known as "Guidelines in the Identification, establishment and Management of Communal Forest in Palawan".
Section 2. Definition of Terms
2.1 Communal Forest - refers to a tract of forested land and mangrove areas set aside by the Secretary of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) iron which organized communities of a certain municipality may be allowed/authorized to manage protect and conserve forest resources on sustainable basis. It may be established upon the initiative and request of the community of the municipality government but on both cases shall be under the supervision of the Mayor of the Municipality where the forest is located.
2.2 Primary forest/old growth forest - forest areas that have not been sukectd to extraction.
2.3 Residual Forest - forest areas that have beef subjected to extraction activities legal or illegal.
2.4 Critical Watershed - is a drainage area of a river system supporting existing and proposed hydroelectric plant, irrigation works or domestic water facilities, needing immediate protection or rehabilitation.
BASIC POLICY AND OBJECTIVES
Section 3. Basic Policy - It is hereby declared
the policy of the state to promote and encourage equitable access
to benefits that could be declared from the enhancement and utilization
of communal forest while ensuring and promoting sustainability of
our forest resources.
Section 4. Objectives
4.1 Ensure the sustainable productivity of the communal forest;
4.2 Assist in the protection of primary forest and enhance environmental
conservation through training, formal and non-formal education.
4.3 Provide the community with adequate supply of wood, wood-by-products,
including minor forest products.
4.4 Develop livelihood projects which are forest-based to increase
peso-value of forest products.
4.5 Promote income generating projects as a means for greater opportunity
to improve quality of life.
Section 5. Identification of Areas for Communal
Forest - Residual and mangrove forest which have not been the subject
of cutting logging for at least 25 years, with an average stand
of 80 cubic meter/hectare XXXXXX species excess establishment as
a communal forest subject to the following conditions:
a) That the propose area had been subjected to at least 10% forest
b) That the proposed area contains a minimum of 1,000 operable forest/mangrove
area excluding areas with more than 50% slope and 1,000 meters elevation
and 20 meters on both sides of streams/water lines.
c) That the boundary of the proposed communal forest had been properly
delimited on the ground.
d) That the proposed area is not covered with encumbrances or within
prohibited areas like: national park, proclaimed/critical watershed,
wildlife sanctuaries, wilderness areas, logging ban areas in small
islands less than 10,000 hectares, areas covered by Fisheries Lease
Agreement (FLA). Reforested areas funded by NFDO, the Fisheries
Sector Program or other funding source and tribal lands unless decided
by the indigenous cultural communities in accordance with their
approved communal forest management plan.
Section 6. Project Proponents - Communities residing
within or adjacent to a second growth forest or mangrove areas shall
be organized and formed into an association to become recipient
of the program. The community through its authorized representative
and upon the recommendation of the Municipal Mayor shall be awarded
twenty five (25) years Communal Forest Agreement (CFA) renewable
for another twenty five (25) years. The agreement provides long
term security of tenure for utilization of natural resources that
would motivate communities to develop, rehabilitate, protect and
manage on sustainable basis the communal forest. The community is
also responsible in the protection of adjoining old growth and residual
Section 7. Management/Operational Scheme - The
communal forest shall be operated and managed on sustained yield
basis, following the selective logging system by adopting the following
strategies/procedures and considerations;
7.1 The sustained yield capacity of the communal forest shall be
computed based on the following formula
SYC = ACA X V r f
ACA = Arcc
Where SYC = Sustained Capacity
Expressed in cu.m/Annum
ACA = Annual Cutting Area in Hectares
Ar = Total operable forest in hectares
Vr = Harvestable volume in cu.m/Annum
Determined based on the following equation: Vr = 505 of the 60 cm.
dbh/dab + 100% of the volume of 70 cm. and above for all species
except premium/banned species.
f = 0.70 initial reduction factor to compensate for logging inefficiency,
internal defects and to allow for satisfactory residual stand. This
factor may be changed if a more efficient and less destructive yarding/skidding
system is used as determined through studies that may be conducted
by a multi-disciplinary group.
cc = cutting cycle of 45 years
MANAGEMENT PLAN/ANNUAL OPERATIONS PLAN
Section 8. management Plan/Annual Operation Plan
- To ensure an effective management and orderly operation of the
communal forest, a five (50 year management plan and an annual operational
plan should be prepared by the Management team guided by the policies
set by PCSD and following the guidelines prescribed by the DENR
for timber licenses/policies which could be modified to suit the
actual conditions or prevailing situation. Said plans are to be
approved by the Municipal Mayor.
Section 9. Blocking The identified areas for communal
forest shall be divided into parcels, parcels into blocks and block
into sub-blocks to facilitate operations monitoring and evaluation;
implement the 45 years cutting cycle in forested land; and follow
the prescribed sustainable harvesting on mangrove areas.
10.1 Annual Resource Inventory Before harvesting
of any product each year, a detailed inventory or checking of major
harvestable products by trained project implementors shall be done
within the communal areas scheduled for operation.
Based on then
inventory and sustained yield, the following shall be specified
or accomplished as may be necessary in the operation areas.
trees to be cut and those to be left behind or marking Goal (MG)
are marked based on the following scheduled.
MG = 70% of trees 20 cm in dbh
+ 75% of tress 30 cm in dbh
+ 85% of tress 40-50 cm in dbh
+ 50% of tress 60 cm in dbh
10.2 In case of non-timber products
(honey, rattan, almaciga, bamboo, orchids, etc.); the system of
harvesting should adopt pertinent DENR policy issuances.
10.3 Whenever it will be deemed economical for collections, slabs
and scraps form logging waste may be gathered as firewood or converted
10.4 A site specific guide on harvesting and/or cutting
of tress is necessary in order to minimize damage.
10.5 Site for slicing
guide on harvesting and/or stocking of harvested products shall be
set up in one or more strategic locations within the project area.
10.6 Marking of competitor tress - guidelines on timber Stand Improvement
(RP-German Procedure)must be followed.
10.7 Rare trees that had been
dead for sometimes should also be inventoried and be utilized.
Section 11. Felling, Yarding , Slicing, Stocking and Stock
11.1 Yarding or dragging of logs should be done by animal (carabao
or cow) only. The use of mechanized equipment, trucks, buldozers,
etc. is strictly prohibited , Chainsaw may be allowed as deemed
necessary in feeling and to governed by DAO No.49 s. 1992.
11.2 Slicing logs in the cutting site shall be limited to optimum
size (flitches) that can be hauled by animals.
11.3 Slicing of lumbers
shall be done in designated area only.
11.4 Slicing may be done at
any day of the yeas provided that sizes to be sawed shall be confined
to approved orders.
11.5 Any answer shall be allowed to do slicing
as long as sawing shall be done in the duly designated sites.
Sawed lumbers, harvested round, wood, bamboos, etc, as ordered must
be claimed as soon as it will be available; otherwise a corresponding
fee shall be charged to the concerned users.
11.7 Users shall not
be allowed to claim their orders unless the expenses in the harvesting
and/or slicing be compensated and unless settlement of all their obligation
to the Project be properly met or arranged.
11.8 A Stock Custodian
shall be assigned as caretaker of harvested products but shall not
be allowed to dispose any product without the approved orders, and
the approval of release by the Project Management.
Section 12. Maintenance, Protection and Enhancement
12.1 Parcels operational unit for a given year may be delineated
depending on the result of the initial sampling or inventory of
resources conducted during site selections.
12.2 Activities to be undertaken:
a) Cutting of competitor trees, climbers or vines;
b) Enrichment planting in cleared or understock areas;
c) Improvement of trails and roads;
d) Forest protection including training of potential forest guards
and potential people to be deputized as reportes of violators of
the project guidelines and other related laws or regulations. The
ideal number of at least one (10 forest guards per 1,000 hectares
and posting of proper signs at the boundaries and corners of the
communal forest project;
e) Establishment of other protective measures like: water impounding,
erosion control, river bank stabilization;
f) Checking of the plans and activities of existing forest occupants
in the communal forest area;
g) Proposals on complimentary and supplementary communal projects
like fishing in , and protection of ___________________________.
This has to submitted to for approval by the Project Management.
12.3 Incidental fees shall be worked out by the Project Management.
a) Fees or equivalent labor value shall be imposed on each of the
ordered projects, registration of saws and sawers, authorized non-timber
gatherers, hunters, dealers of projects and contractors of building,
who make use of some materials taken from the communal forest areas.
Fines or changes shall be impose don illegaly harvested products,
for violations of the guidelines, and from such other measures as
may be approved by the Project Management.
b) Funds generated must be allocated for the incentives of project
implementors, for maintenance activities, for administrative purposes,
and for information-gathering dissemination purposes.
12.4 All operational areas within the communal forest must establish
a nursery for seedlings to be used as replacement of cut timber
by the project management.
Section 13. Qualified Harvesters or Gatherers
13.1 Harvesters or gatherers of any products must be duly registered
and accredited by the project management.
13.2 A harvesting permit shall be issued to a person or persons
who have undergone training on harvesting.
Section 14 Product Users and Processors
14.1 Users and processors of products are persons/entities like
LGU,NGO's ect who shall be allowed to order a product a bonafide
resident of the community. Other requirements include:
a) Attendance in the Orientation on all of the guidelines of the
b) Must be willing to contribution his share in the maintenance/protection
and enhancement of the project, the value of which shall be dependent
upon his order, while the mode of settling such obligation may be
any other arrangement acceptable to the Project Management.
14.2 Ordering - All orders must be together with the following requirements:
a) Plan/sketch of the Project;
b) Bill of the materials, name of users place of construction in
the case of lumber roundwood and bamboos. In the case of minor forest
products, the name of users and address will suffice.
c) Targets time of use, arrangement on harvesting and sawing;
d) Agreement on the value of users obligation to the project as
well as the mode of settling such obligation;
e) Deposit of 10% of total charges must be paid upon closing of
f) The 10% deposit shall be forfeited in favor of the management
in case orders are not claimed after the prescribed date.
14.3 Transporting - Ordered products when transported to end-users
must be accomplished by scale sheets and certification issued by
the Municipal Mayor or his authorized officer. Said transport documents
authorized officer. Said transport documents should be registered
with the CENRO for record and monitoring purposes.
14.3 License/permit - Appropriated public gratuitious license/permit
(gratis) for the cutting of timber and collection/gathering of minor
forest product shall be issued by the Regional Executive Director
to the community through its authorized representative upon clearance/recommendation
from the local government unit. The total aggregate volume to be
covered by the permits/licenses issued during a calendar years should
not exceed the sustained yield capacity of the communal forest.
For renewal of the license, authority is delegated to concerned
PENRO/CENRO with duplicated copy furnish the regional office.
Section 15. Complementary and Supplementary Projects within
the Communal Forest /Mangrove Areas.
15.1 Nursery for raising seedling of trees shall be established
in the communal project for reforestation and enrichment planting.
15.2 Fishing the reserve mangrove for communal project may be allowed
with the permission of the Project Management, provided that it
will not deplete the sustainability of the mangrove wood and also
the Fish/___ life the area.
15.3 Replanting the trees inside the communal forest/mangrove project
is a must.
15.4 Other livelihood project that utilize forest products, by-products
and forest minor products.
Section 16. Special Provision
16.1 For any violation of the terms and conditions of the communal
forest laws, rules and regulations, the DENR may recommend for disestablishment
of the communal forest in consultation with the PCSD Municipal Team
and Barangay Management Team.
16.2 Implementation of laws, circulars communal projects shall be
allowed to be integrated in the project Management.
16.3 Complimentary and supplementary communal projects shall be
allowed to be integrated in the Project, shall enhance the productivity
of the area as well be evaluated and approved by the Project Management
16.4 Existing forest occupants in the communal area may be granted
forest oocupancy permit but shall be subjected to the guidelines
of the Project and shall be given priority if found qualified for
any approval for proper authorities.
16.5 The municipal LGU shall be allowed to pass ordinance that will
supplement the guidelines provided that no guidelines be modified
without the approval of proper authorities.
16.6 Municipalities without existing forest qualified for CF operation
may forge memorandum of agreement with other municipality with forest
greater than 5,000 hectares. Section 17. General Prohibitions
Section 17. General Prohibitions
17.1 Grazing in the communal forest ________ ____________ forests.
17.2 No building of permanent structures shall be constructed within
the communal forest areas.
17.3 No. individual shall be allowed to acquire title or claim of
any kind to the land and resources of the communal areas.
17.4 It shall be unlawful for any person to hunt, take wound, kill
or in any manner disturb or destroy any wild bird or animal, to
take or destroy the nests or eggs of such birds inside a communal
forests. However, seasonal hunting might be allowed subject to the
rules and regulations to be promulgated by the management team and
properly recommended and approved by concerned authorities.
17.5 The use of mechanized equipments such as buldozers trucks etc.
are strictly prohibited.
CHAPTER VII ORGANIZATION SET-UP/FUNCTIONS
Section 18. Organizational./Functional Structure
18.1 The organizational/ functional chart showing the different units:
Section 19. Functions of each entity
19.1 PCSD - formulate general policies as basis for the implementation of the project of the and over-see coordination, monitoring and evaluation of the project.
19.2 DENR (Central/Region) - to provide technical assistance in the formulation of general policies relative to the project.
19.3 Provincial Env. Council - to coordinate, monitor and evaluate the communal forest projects of involved municipalities.
19.4 DENR (PENRO) - to provide technical assistance in the implementation of the project at provincial level and facilities approval of permit/licenses.
19.5 Municipal Environment Council - promulgate guidelines to implement policies formulated by the PCSD.
19.6 DENR (CENRO) - to provide technical assistance in the implementation of the project and assist in shall execute its regulatory functions with the project site.
19.7 Municipal Management Team/Project Management Office - to directly supervise the implementation of the project at different barangays. It shall also environment council site specific policies relative to the project.
19.8 Barangay Management Team - where applicable it shall implement the project on specific barangay. It is responsible in the day -to-day operations of the project.
19.9 NGO - non-government organization that will be involved in the training and organization of the communities. It may also provide technical assistance in project implementation, monitoring and evaluation and policy formulation.
Section 20. Separability Clause - If for any reason
or reasons any part of provision of this guidelines shall be held
unconstitutional or invalid, other parts or provisions thereof which
are not affected thereby shall continue to be in full force and
Section 21.Effectivity - This guidelines shall
take effect immediately.
Certified True and Correct:
ARTHUR R. VENTURA
Executive Director and Secretary,
SALVADOR P. SOCRATES
Governor and Chairman